ISBN 9789956791880
Pages 258
Dimensions 244 x 170 mm
Published 2013
Publisher Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon
Format Paperback

(De)connexions identitaires hadjeray

Les enjeux des technologies de la communication au Tchad

by Djimet Seli

L’histoire récente de l’Afrique se caractérise par la ‘révolution’ des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC), plus spécifiquement la téléphonie mobile qui interroge les enjeux identitaires dans les sociétés africaines. Ce livre explore la manifestation de la dynamique des TIC dans la société hadjeray au Guera, Tchad, qui a connu violences politiques, mobilité et rupture au sein des familles et aujourd’hui ‘retrouvailles’ grâce à la téléphonie mobile et aux réseaux sociaux sur Internet. L’auteur de ce livre, lui-même issu de cette société, et conscient des risques de subjectivités de travailler sur sa propre société, est parti des faits, pratiques et discours des enquêtés pour faufiler dans les dédales et méandres de la complexité des relations entre les concepts de conflit, de mobilité et de communication sur fond de dynamique identitaire. L’auteur a axé son travail sur le rôle de la communication pendant les crises, dans la mobilité et aujourd’hui dans la dynamique relationnelle née de la facilité qu’offrent les TIC, en particulier la téléphonie mobile et le réseau social Facebook très prisé par les jeunes. Il montre les appropriations réciproques entre les TIC et la population hadjeray. Ces appropriations réciproques se traduisent par l’ouverture au monde par les TIC et en même temps le repli identitaire favorisé par les TIC.

The recent history of Africa is characterised by the 'revolution' in information and communication technologies (ICT), specifically in the sector of mobile telephony, which reconsiders the challenges pertaining to identity in African societies. In this book, we follow the manifestation of such dynamic forces in the Hadjeray society in Guera, Tchad, a society that has suffered a history of political violence, mobility and failures. The study shows the role of the Chadian government in the implementation of ICT and explains how government logics have amplified. Through the analysis of the changes in the economic and social spheres, occurring due to mobile telephony, we discover the identity issues that are also informed by the feeling of fear, which is part of the Chadian history of violence. However, the ways in which the Hadjeray adopt this new technology also leave them with a means to escape the logic of violence and disruption. It is mostly a dynamic force that occurs amongst the youth who, by making use of mobile networks, discover another mode of identification, between the ethnic group and the more global identity, and find through it a political voice.

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About the Author

Djimet Seli

Djimet Seli was born in 1973 in Bitkine, a town in Chad. Between 1990 and 1997 he attends senior high school in the town of Mongo, where he obtains his Baccalaureate in the Arts stream. From 1998 to 2006, he completes his studies at University of N'Djamena (Chad), first in History for which he obtains a Bachelor Degree in 2000 and an MA Degree in 2004, and then in Communication for which he receives a Bachelor Degree in 2005 and an MA Degree in 2006. Since February 2013, he holds a PhD from the University of Leiden and is currently lecturer, researcher and head of the Department of Anthropology at the University of N'Djamena.

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