Fulani Hegemony in Yola (Old Adamawa) 1809-1902
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Fulani Hegemony in Yola (Old Adamawa) 1809-1902

Martin Z. Njeuma

Following the launching of jihad against Sarkin Gobir and other Hausa chiefs by Uthman dan Fodio, a renowned Muslim reformer, Yola became one of the focal points for Uthman's Movement south of the Lake Chad region. The leader was Modibbo Adama (1809-1847) and the emirate he formed was called Adamawa. The study analyses the factors which came into play in the creation and maintenance of the emirate out of a vast array of segmented units of authority. By the middle of the 19th century, Europeans started visiting the region in a general drive to abolish slave trade from its sources and substitute it with legitimate trade. Not contented with mere trade, European expeditions competed with one another to colonize the region for their respective governments. Lamido Zubeiru (1890-1901) refused to submit, but the British, French and Germans through European diplomatic channels partitioned the emirate in 1893 and 1894. The threat of Mahdism and the consolidation of Rabeh's power over Bornu and neighbouring kingdoms provided the Europeans additional reasons for waging war against the emirate and to overthrow almost a century of Fulani hegemony. The principal sources are oral tradition preserved in local chronicles and contemporary reports of European travellers, soldiers, administrators and Royal Niger Company officials.

ISBN 9789956726950 | 312 pages | 229 x 152 mm | 2012 | Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon | Paperback

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About the Author

Martin Z. Njeuma

Martin Z. Njeuma was born in Buea on 9th April 1940, attended St.  Joseph’s College Sasse (1954-1958), King’s College Lagos (1959-60), University of  Ghana, Legon (1961-64), and SOAS, London (1964-69) where he qualified with a PhD in African History. He was the recipient of
several awards, including the Humbolt Stiftung of Germany (1971-72) and Fulbright-Hays Visiting Professorship to the University of South Carolina, USA (Spring Semester 1976). In 1993, Njeuma was appointed the pioneer Dean of the Faculty of Arts, University of Buea. He was also the first Dean to take a seat at the University Council. Njeuma died 28th April 2010, a widely travelled and well published scholar.

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