ISBN 9781928331933
Pages 216
Dimensions 254 x 178mm
Illustrations Colour Illustrations
Published 2018
Publisher African Minds Publishers, South Africa
Format Paperback

The Next Generation of Scientists in Africa

by Catherine Beaudry, Johann Mouton, Heidi Prozesky

Young scientists are a powerful resource for change and sustainable development, as they drive innovation and knowledge creation. However, comparable findings on young scientists in various countries, especially in Africa and developing regions, are generally sparse. Therefore, empirical knowledge on the state of early-career scientists is critical in order to address current challenges faced by those scientists in Africa.

This book reports on the main findings of a three-and-a-half-year international project in order to assist its readers in better understanding the African research system in general, and more specifically its young scientists. The first part of the book provides background on the state of science in Africa, and bibliometric findings concerning Africa’s scientific production and networks, for the period 2005 to 2015. The second part of the book combines the findings of a large-scale, quantitative survey and more than 200 qualitative interviews to provide a detailed profile of young scientists and the barriers they face in terms of five aspects of their careers: research output; funding; mobility; collaboration; and mentoring. In each case, field and gender differences are also taken into account. The last part of the book comprises conclusions and recommendations to relevant policy- and decision-makers on desirable changes to current research systems in Africa.

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About the Authors

Catherine Beaudry

Catherine Beaudry is a Rhodes Scholar and holds a PhD in economics from the University of Oxford. From her first degree in electrical engineering specialised in satellite technology, she has kept a strong interest on technology, science and innovation. She is a professor at the Mathematics and Industrial Engineering Department of École Polytechnique de Montréal where she also holds a Tier I Canada Research Chair on the Creation, development and commercialisation of innovation.

Johann Mouton

Johann Mouton holds a PhD in Philosophy from the Rand Afrikaans University (University of Johannesburg subsequent to the mergers). He is professor in, and director of, the Centre for Research on Evaluation, Science and Technology (CREST) at Stellenbosch University and the DST-NRF Centre of Excellence for Scientometrics and STI Policy (SciSTIP).

Heidi Prozesky

Heidi Prozesky holds a PhD in sociology on gender differences in the publication productivity of South African scientists. She has pursued this research interest since 2003 through her involvement in NACI-commissioned projects and supervision of students on the topic of women in academic science, and with a particular focus on scientometric analysis of research output and the sociology of science.