ISBN 9789956791330
Pages 244
Dimensions 244 x 170 mm
Published 2014
Publisher Langaa RPCIG, Cameroon
Format Paperback

Dynamiques de l ethnicite en Afrique

Elements pour une theorie de l Etat multinational

by Pascal Touoyem

Comment imaginer la forme de l’Etat dans sa gestion de la cohabitation tendue des ethnies sous un angle positif pour l’Afrique aujourd’hui et demain ? La réalité ethnique en Afrique continue d’être déterminante comme dimension absolue de l’existence individuelle et collective, au point de constituer une hypothèque grave pour ce qui est du fonctionnement normal de ses Etats. C’est pourquoi le continent est riche en Etats faillis (failed), effondrés (collapsed), ou en passe de le devenir (collapsing). A l’ère globale, la stabilisation sociopolitique et géopolitique des sociétés plurales passe par une réorganisation du pouvoir et finalement, de la pensée. L’auteur procède ici à un plaidoyer à travers une invention capitale : la démocratie palabrique ou la gouvernance sous l’arbre comme synthèse de la démocratie libérale et de la démocratie républicaine correspondant à une démocratie combinatoire fondée sur le principe du wim-win qui se distingue de la démocratie majoritaire du système politique contemporain basée sur le principe du winner takes all. La théorie de l’Etat multinational ouvre ainsi la perspective d’une innovation constitutionnelle, politique et conceptuelle des sociétés plurinationales au XXIe siècle : celle d’une refondation de notre imaginaire pour une réorientation globale de la pensée politique africaine dans ses besoins, ses désirs, ses quêtes, ses attentes, et ses espérances.

How does one think about the form of the State in its management of conflicting ethnic groups in positive light in Africa in the present and in the future? Ethnic reality in Africa continues to be the principal determining factor of individual and collective existence, constituting an obstacle to the normal operation of its States, which often fail or collapse. In the global era, the re-organisation of power and of thought in plural societies leads to socio-political and geopolitical stabilisation. The author here argues for the implementation of ‘deliberative democracy’ or ‘governance under the tree’ as a synthesis of liberal and republican democracy based on the ‘win-win’ principle, different from majoritarian democracy where the ‘winner takes all’. The theory of the multinational state thus proposes a constitutional, political and conceptual innovation in the plural societies of the 21st century: it entails restructuring the imagination to allow a global shift in African political thought, its needs, desires, quests, expectations and hopes.

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About the Author

Pascal Touoyem

Pascal TOUOYEM holds a Doctorate in Philosophy obtained at the Tilburg University in the Netherlands, under the co-supervision of Professors Wim van Binsbergen and Wouter van Beck. He is a Cameroonian philosopher and anthropologist whose research and teaching practice at various African universities are focused on Peace & Development Studies, Intercultural & Human Rights Philosophy and African Studies. The Tilburg graduate is a member of the Reference Group on Security and Governance in Africa coordinated by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in Sweden. He has also headed the Ecumenical Service for Peace and Dialogue magazine & Reconciliation (non-governmental organisation supported by fifteen financial agreements from bilateral and multilateral donors) for the past seven years. The author currently oversees the Centre for Development and Human Rights (CIPAD), a non-governmental organisation that holds Special Consultative Status with the United Nations.

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